How to POST JSON data with Python Requests?

0

Issue

I need to POST a JSON from a client to a server. I’m using Python 2.7.1 and simplejson. The client is using Requests. The server is CherryPy. I can GET a hard-coded JSON from the server (code not shown), but when I try to POST a JSON to the server, I get “400 Bad Request”.

Here is my client code:

data = {'sender':   'Alice',
    'receiver': 'Bob',
    'message':  'We did it!'}
data_json = simplejson.dumps(data)
payload = {'json_payload': data_json}
r = requests.post("http://localhost:8080", data=payload)

Here is the server code.

class Root(object):

    def __init__(self, content):
        self.content = content
        print self.content  # this works

    exposed = True

    def GET(self):
        cherrypy.response.headers['Content-Type'] = 'application/json'
        return simplejson.dumps(self.content)

    def POST(self):
        self.content = simplejson.loads(cherrypy.request.body.read())

Any ideas?

Solution

Starting with Requests version 2.4.2, you can use the json= parameter (which takes a dictionary) instead of data= (which takes a string) in the call:

>>> import requests
>>> r = requests.post('http://httpbin.org/post', json={"key": "value"})
>>> r.status_code
200
>>> r.json()
{'args': {},
 'data': '{"key": "value"}',
 'files': {},
 'form': {},
 'headers': {'Accept': '*/*',
             'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip, deflate',
             'Connection': 'close',
             'Content-Length': '16',
             'Content-Type': 'application/json',
             'Host': 'httpbin.org',
             'User-Agent': 'python-requests/2.4.3 CPython/3.4.0',
             'X-Request-Id': 'xx-xx-xx'},
 'json': {'key': 'value'},
 'origin': 'x.x.x.x',
 'url': 'http://httpbin.org/post'}

Answered By – Zeyang Lin

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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