# How can i rescale every column in my data frame to a 0-100 scale? (in r)

## Issue

i am trying to get all the colums of my data frame to be in the same scale..

right now i have something like this… where a is on a 0-1 scale b is on a 100 scale and c is on a 1-5 scale

``````a   b     c
0   89   4
1   93   3
0   88   5
``````

How would i get it to a 100scale like this…

``````a     b      c
0     89     80
100   93     60
0     88     100
``````

i hope that is somewhat clear..
i have tried scale() but can not seem to get it to work.

## Solution

Using `scale`, if `dat` is the name of your data frame:

``````## for one column
dat\$a <- scale(dat\$a, center = FALSE, scale = max(dat\$a, na.rm = TRUE)/100)
## for every column of your data frame
dat <- data.frame(lapply(dat, function(x) scale(x, center = FALSE, scale = max(x, na.rm = TRUE)/100)))
``````

For a simple case like this, you could also write your own function.

``````fn <- function(x) x * 100/max(x, na.rm = TRUE)
fn(c(0,1,0))
# [1]   0 100   0
## to one column
dat\$a <- fn(dat\$a)
## to all columns of your data frame
dat <- data.frame(lapply(dat, fn))
``````